Measures in Development

New or adapted measures for which peer-reviewed publications are not available have been identified and are listed below.

Please tell us about measures you are developing that you wish to include in the Measures Registry.

| Individual Dietary Behaviors Measures
| Individual Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Measures
| Food Environment and Policies Measures
| Physical Activity Environment and Policies Measures

Individual Dietary Behaviors Measures

  • Automated Self-administered 24-hour Dietary Recall (ASA24™): Software tool that enables automated and self-administered 24-hour dietary recalls. The format and design are based on a modified version of the interviewer-administered Automated Multiple Pass Method (AMPM) 24-hour recall developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). ASA24 is available free of charge to researchers, clinicians, and teachers.
    Amy Subar
    National Cancer Institute
    301-594-0831
    subara@mail.nih.gov
  • Dietary Screener in the NHANES 2009-10: Instrument composed of 26 questions asking about frequency of intake of foods and drinks selected to reflect intakes of fruits and vegetables, dairy/calcium, whole grains/fiber, added sugars, red meat, and processed meat. Scoring algorithms to convert frequency responses to intake will be estimated for each dietary component.
    Fran Thompson
    National Cancer Institute
    301-435-4410
    thompsof@mail.nih.gov
  • Multi-component instrument to assess preschool wellness policies and practices relevant to child nutrition, feeding behaviors, and physical activity. Instruments include a director's survey, a structured director's interview, and an on-site observational tool.
    Marlene Schwartz
    Rudd Center for Food and Obesity, Yale University
    203-432-0662
    marlene.schwartz@yale.edu

Back to Top

Individual Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Measures

  • Preschool-age Physical Activity Questionnaire (Pre-PAQ): Tool to measure physical activity in children ages three to five years who have not yet begun formal schooling through proxy-report (completed by parent or caregiver). The tool is a three-day recall covering the child's activity behavior on a weekday and a weekend (Saturday and Sunday) when the child is at home with the parent/caregiver. Additional sections include: (a) parent demographics, attitudes, and behaviors, (b) family characteristics, (c) home and neighborhood features, and (d) child characteristics and activities. Pre-PAQ had adequate validity for summarizing the group mean behavior in 105 families, but caution should be applied if assessing an individual's behavior. The reliability of each item was generally good to very good.
    Genevieve Dwyer
    University of Sydney, Discipline of Physiotherapy
    +02-9351-9548
    genevieve.dwyer@sydney.edu.au
  • Method to assess gender differences in Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and physical activity (PA) patterns according to two epoch systems (5 seconds vs. 60 seconds) in preschoolers ages 2–5 years using accelerometers during school hours.
    Jorge Mota
    Research Center in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sports
    Science and Physical Education, University of Porto
    351-938700882
    jmota@fade.up.pt
  • Multi-component toolkit designed to assess preschool wellness policies and practices relevant to child nutrition, feeding behaviors, and physical activity. Instruments include a director's survey, a structured director's interview, and an on-site observational tool.
    Marlene Schwartz
    Rudd Center for Food and Obesity, Yale University
    203-432-0662
    marlene.schwartz@yale.edu

Back to Top

Food Environment and Policies Measures

  • Food Retail Outlet Survey Tool (FROST): Check-list style assessment tool to quickly and accurately measure the presence of selected food and non-food items, placement, milk prices, physical characteristics of the store, policy implementation, and advertisements on outside windows. The tool generally had a high degree of reliability and validity, and can be used effectively by an individual with minimal training, based on data from six zip areas in downtown Albany, New York.
    Akiko S. Hosler
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany, State University of New York
    518-402-1561
    ash05@health.state.ny.us
  • Tool to assess a community garden project with urban youth using qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted before and after the garden was introduced.
    Yvonne Hung
    Southern California Kaiser Permanente
    yvonne.hung@gmail.com
  • Method to characterize the rural and urban food environment using two retail food environment data sources. Convergent and criterion validity of data sources were examined.
    Jilcott SB, McGuirt JT, Imai S, and Evenson KR. Measuring the retail food environment in rural and urban North Carolina counties. J Public Health Management Practice.  2010 Sep-Oct;16(5):432-40.
    Stephanie B Jilcott
    Department of Public Health Brody School of Medicine East Carolina University
    252-744-4034
    jilcotts@ecu.edu
  • Method to evaluate the validity of secondary data sets used to characterize the built food environment (InfoUSA, Dun & Bradstreet, and state agency data base) against a comprehensive field census identifying locations of all food outlets using handheld GPS in eight counties in South Carolina. This approach includes estimates of sensitivities and positive predictive values.
    Angela D. Liese
    University of South Carolina at Columbia
    803-777-9414
    liese@sc.edu
  • Method to evaluate the accuracy of the assignments of food outlets to NAICS codes, which are provided by InfoUSA and Dun & Bradstreet, compared to a comprehensive field census of all food outlets in eight counties in South Carolina.
    Angela D. Liese
    University of South Carolina at Columbia
    803-777-9414
    liese@sc.edu
  • Tool to assess the perceptions about the food environment and food purchasing behaviors (primary store location, amount of shopping done there, frequency of shopping, distance to store, etc). The tool includes test-retest reliability analysis of questions planned.
    Angela D. Liese
    University of South Carolina at Columbia
    803-777-9414
    liese@sc.edu
  • Food and Fitness School Health Policies and Practices Questionnaire: Survey of primary school administrators captures data on school-level policies and practices relevant to nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Food Store Observation Form: Instrument to assess characteristics of the food store environment, including the availability, quality, price and promotion of select food and beverage products, and the extent of exterior advertising. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Food Code/Policy Audit Form: Tool to evaluate components of local policies thought to influence the food environment, including provisions related to food store and fast food zoning/citing, permits for farmers' markets, urban agriculture and mobile food vendors, and menu labeling in restaurants. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Fast Food Observation Form: Instrument to assess characteristics of the fast food environment, including the availability of healthy options, price of select food and beverage items, availability of nutrition information, and extent of child-targeted and other marketing. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Food Plan Audit Form: Tool to evaluate components of county/municipal plans thought to influence the food environment, including provisions related to food store access and availability, acceptance of food assistance programs, citing and density of fast food outlets, and availability of other healthy food outlets. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap School District Wellness Policy Coding Tool: Tool to evaluate the comprehensiveness and strength of school district wellness policies and captures numerous food- and physical activity-related policy provisions. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Neighborhood Store Assessment Tool: Tool to assess presence of certain grocery items, snack foods and beverages in retail food establishments, including convenience stores, small grocery stores, and liquor stores. The tool also can be used to document the placement and advertisement of these food/beverages outside and within the retail food establishment.
    Sarah Samuels
    Samuels & Associates
    510-271-6799
    sarah@samuelsandassociates.com
  • Farmers Market Assessment Tool: Tool to inventory the available products being sold at farmers markets and produce stands, including the number of vendors, the products offered at each stand/stall, the signage and advertisements in the vicinity, and the apparent accessibility of the markets and stands to the targeted population. The tool also contains a set of interview questions to probe for details on the challenges, barriers, and benefits associated with the market or stand; special programming held in conjunction with the markets and stands; efforts to ensure sustainability; and general demographics of patrons.
    Sarah Samuels
    Samuels & Associates
    510-271-6799
    sarah@samuelsandassociates.com
  • Food and Beverage Environmental Assessment and Monitoring System (Food BEAMS): Computerized assessment tool uses an observational data collection methodology to catalogue competitive foods and beverages sold on school campuses, link to a nutrient database of competitive foods and beverages, and assess their adherence to competitive food and beverage standards.
    Sarah Samuels
    Samuels & Associates
    510-271-6799
    sarah@samuelsandassociates.com
  • Quantitative assessment tool to investigate impact of nutrient standards for competitive foods in an overall local wellness policy in a Virginia school district implemented in response to the WIC Reauthorization Act. The tool measures changes in kilocalories and grams of fat and saturated fat in offerings and purchases of competitive foods before and after the policy.
    Anastasia Snelling
    American University                 
    202-885-6278
    ssnelli@american.edu
  • Community Healthy Living Index (CHLI): Assesses policy and environmental support for active living and healthy eating in afterschool sites, early childhood programs, neighborhoods, schools, work sites, and the community-at-large. The tool provides a discussion guide to help sites plan for change. In 2008, six U.S. communities pilot-tested CHLI for cognitive response testing, inter-rater reliability, and implementation feasibility. Pilot analyses demonstrated that the process was feasible, with most questions being interpreted as intended and showing substantial to almost perfect agreement between raters.
    Monica Vinluan
    YMCA of USA
    202-835-9043
    monica.vinluan@ymca.net

Back to Top

Physical Activity Environment and Policies Measures

  • Physical Activity Resource Assessment (PARA): Assesses physical activity resources, such as parks, schools, churches, fitness clubs, etc. and measures accessibility/cost, features, amenities, and incivilities.
    Rebecca Lee
    University of Houston
    713-743-9335
    releephd@yahoo.com
  • Food and Fitness School Health Policies and Practices Questionnaire: Survey of primary school administrators captures data on school-level policies and practices relevant to nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Street Segment Observation Form: Instrument to assess key street-level features of the neighborhood environment thought to be related to physical activity behavior, including street-level land uses, presence of sidewalks, bike lanes, traffic calming devices, and amenities. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Street Advertising Grid: Instrument to capture the presence of billboards and other advertisements visible from street segments, including those promoting foods and beverages, physical activity, sedentary activity, and general health messages. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Park Observation Form: Instrument to assess characteristics of public parks thought to influence physical activity behavior, including the presence and quality of sports fields, trails and other features, and the presence of amenities and incivilities. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Physical Activity Facility Observation Form: Instrument to assess characteristics of physical activity facilities thought to influence accessibility and physical activity behavior, including the availability of user discounts for certain populations, presence and condition of indoor and outdoor sports features, and presence of amenities and incivilities. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Built Environment Local Zoning/Policy Audit Form: Tool to evaluate components of local zoning codes thought to influence the physical activity environment, including provisions around traffic calming devices, bicycles and trails, markers of walkability, active and passive recreation, and existence of SmartCode components. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Built Environment Master Plan Audit Form: Tool to evaluate components of county/municipal master plans thought to influence the physical activity environment, including existence and strength of provisions around traffic calming devices, bicycles and trails, walkability, active recreation, and passive recreation. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp Zoning Code Advertising Audit Form: Tool to capture local policy provisions related to advertising, including language permitting or prohibiting billboards and other advertisements in different zones/districts throughout the community and/or specifically around schools. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging The Gap Community Obesity Measures Project-Comp School-Related Policy/Plan Audit Form: Tool to evaluate components of local school-related policies thought to influence physical activity behavior, including school siting, provisions requiring or encouraging crosswalks and crossing guards, and provisions around joint/shared use of school facilities for physical activity and recreation. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Bridging the Gap School District Wellness Policy Coding Tool: Tool used to evaluate the comprehensiveness and strength of school district wellness policies and captures numerous food- and physical activity-related policy provisions. The tool has undergone inter-rater reliability testing and was fielded in over 150 communities across the country in 2010.
    Leah Rimkus
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    312-413-4884
    lrimkus@uic.edu
  • Neighborhood Park Assessment Tool: Tool to capture various characteristics and assets of the park environment that may inhibit or promote physical activity in and around the park. The tool includes data on street traffic and walkability, safety and blight in/around the park, and park amenities.
    Sarah Samuels
    Samuels & Associates
    510-271-6799
    sarah@samuelsandassociates.com
  • Multi-component toolkit designed to assess preschool wellness policies and practices relevant to child nutrition, feeding behaviors, and physical activity. Instruments include a director's survey, a structured director's interview, and an on-site observational tool.
    Marlene Schwartz                 
    Rudd Center for Food and Obesity, Yale University                 
    203-432-0662                 
    marlene.schwartz@yale.edu
  • Community Healthy Living Index (CHLI): Assesses policy and environmental support for active living and healthy eating in afterschool sites, early childhood programs, neighborhoods, schools, work sites, and the community-at-large. The tool also provides a discussion guide to help sites plan for change. In 2008, six U.S. communities pilot-tested CHLI for cognitive response testing, inter-rater reliability, and implementation feasibility. Pilot analyses demonstrated that the process was feasible, with most questions being interpreted as intended and showing substantial to almost perfect agreement between raters.
    Monica Vinluan
    YMCA of USA
    202-835-9043
    monica.vinluan@ymca.net

Back to Top