Study examines effects of ‘neighborhood poverty’ on obesity

June 20, 2014, Medical Xpress

By Karene Booker

By age 2, poor children have gained more weight than their wealthier counterparts. But after age 2, neighborhood poverty, not family poverty, puts the pounds on, finds a new study, published in the Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.

About one-third of America’s children are overweight or obese, but rates are highest among poor and minority children. The study identifies for the first time the effects of neighborhood-level poverty, family poverty, and ethnicity on children’s weight, shedding new light on the origins of adult health disparities, the authors say.

“The effects of neighborhood poverty on children’s weight may be just as important as the effects of family poverty,” says Cornell’s Gary W. Evans, the Elizabeth Lee Vincent Professor of Human Ecology, who co-authored the study with Pamela Klebanov, Princeton University, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Columbia University.

“Children and families are embedded in neighborhoods; poor neighborhoods differ structurally from wealthier neighborhoods, with fewer safe and natural places to play and exercise, fewer supermarkets and more fast food,” Evans explains. Continue reading

IOM workshop explores disparities and childhood obesity prevention

On June 6-7, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Standing Committee on Childhood Obesity Prevention will host a public session, “Creating Equal Opportunities for a Healthy Weight.”

The workshop will examine childhood obesity prevention through the lens of working to achieve health equity. Workshop presentations and discussions involving researchers, policy makers, advocates, and other stakeholders will focus on income, race, and ethnicity, and how these factors intersect with childhood obesity and its prevention. Continue reading