The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) is seeking recommendations for datasets to be considered for inclusion in its Catalogue of Surveillance Systems, a tool that provides one-stop access to more than 100 publicly available data sources relevant to childhood obesity research.
Bridging the Gap has released a comprehensive report examining U.S. secondary school policies and practices related to nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention.
The report, entitled School Policies and Practices to Improve Health and Prevent Obesity: National Secondary School Results, Volume 6, focuses on students in grades 8, 10, and 12 and includes data from nationally representative samples of public middle and high schools. It provides new information from the 2013-14 school year on school meals, competitive foods and beverages, drinking water in schools, physical activity (including physical education, sports participation, and walking and biking to school), progress made in fulfilling the federal wellness policy mandate, and much more. It also includes annual trends from the 2006-07 school year forward.
For approximately 25 years, researchers have used the adult Compendium of Physical Activities as a standardized system to code the energy expenditure, or Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET) intensity, of adult physical activities. Until recently, those interested in studying youth often relied on the adult Compendium and adult MET values as a proxy for youth values. However, the resting metabolic rate and activity energy expenditure are different in youth than in adults and can vary significantly across ages as youth mature physically and improve motor skills. Therefore, an updated, comprehensive youth Compendium is needed to expand on this previous work.
The Healthy Communities Study (HCS), funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and supported by the National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR), aims to answer important research questions about how diet, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) are related to aspects of community programs and policies.
Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) studied the use of obesity-related electronic health record (EHR) functions and the characteristics of health care providers and practices who reported using EHRs with weight management functions. The study, “Electronic health records to support obesity-related patient-care: Results from a survey of United States physicians,” was published recently in Preventive Medicine.
According to a 2012 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, up to 50 percent of a child’s waking hours are spent in school. Furthermore, much of this time is spent sedentary. In efforts to decrease childhood obesity, research has increasingly focused on physical activity in the school environment. As this body of evidence continues to grow, however, a knowledge gap has formed between research and school design practice.
How is nutrition policy being implemented across the United States? How can policies work together over time to improve the diet and health of Americans? From New York City to Cleveland-Cuyahoga County, a recent special collection published in Preventing Chronic Disease examines nutrition policies across the United States from a variety of policy levels, types, and settings. Studies in the series, many of which were authored by National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) members and contributors, use diverse methodologies to explore policy development, adoption, implementation, and transferability while tackling best practices in policy translation, communication, and dissemination. Continue reading
NCCOR’s Connect & Explore Webinar examines soon-to-be published research advocating a shift in the framework to prevent and treat obesity and related chronic diseases
Infographics can be a powerful way to share your data and research. According to this Harvard Business Review article, “A great infographic is an instant revelation. It can compress time and space. … It can illuminate patterns in massive amounts of data. … It can make the abstract convincingly concrete.”
Physical activity plays an important role in the fight against childhood obesity. Developing, testing, and evaluating individual and environmental interventions and policies designed to increase youth physical activity would be enhanced if there were a comparable metric for physical activity applicable to youth. Several approaches have been used to express energy expenditure in youth, but no consensus exists as to which best normalizes data for the wide range of ages and body sizes across a range of physical activities.